This can be helpful when introducing new sets of ideas. Essentially, they direct the reader from one section to the next. The closing statement represents your final opportunity to prove your point and, as such, should follow a highly methodical format. More often than not, the conclusion is a reiteration of the opening statement because it contains all of the same information. It is easy to get carried away when writing closing remarks, ideally the conclusion of an essay should be no longer than four sentences.
Next, tie everything up by restating your thesis statement. Since you will have already restated your thesis statement four or five times, be cautious not to repeat your statement verbatim and, instead, use a variety of verbiage to deliver the same message but in a different format. Repeating the thesis statement will help to not only reinforce the argument, but also serves as a lead in to the next element of a conclusion paragraph — a brief two or three word highlight of the chief facts of the body of the essay.
Given how many different essay formats that exist, understanding the best way to start an essay is important. Here is an overview of three different types of essays and the best essay structure for each. The argument essay requires that the author deploys a writing structure that enables them to successfully argue that their stance on a controversial issue or topic is the right one.
Learn How to Write a Research Paper Introduction
If you were writing this type of essay, you would want to start by picking a topic that you can easily argue, investigate all of the possible reasons that someone would either be for or against the issue, decide which position you will take, research and compile as much supporting evidence as possible and start to write your intro paragraph.
You will want to start by making a list of your strengths and weaknesses; be they mental, physical, spiritual or even emotional and any special talents or qualities you may have, people you look up to — all of the things that make you yourself. Next you will need to decide which essay format is best suited. More often than not, the five paragraph essay will suffice. In a five paragraph essay there is an introduction paragraph, three body paragraphs and a conclusion paragraph.
You can check the uniqueness of your text using our convenient plagiarism checker free online tool. When starting a new paragraph, it is helpful to use transition words or phrases to alert the reader that one point has ended and another has begun.
Brainstorming before starting your essay will allow you to uncover the best supporting ideas — rather than just regurgitating the first thing that pops into your head — and will enable you to make clear and well thought out arguments. Pull out the thesaurus: Variety is the spice of life, and the same can be said about the use of vocabulary in effective writing.
Try to avoid using the same words over and over again. Stay on topic: It is easy to veer off topic or start spouting out so much information that the delivery of the content becomes messy and disorganized. Present your own ideas in your own words instead of simply copying from other writers.
Make sure your thesis is strong. If you have time and opportunity, show it to your instructor to revise. Otherwise, you may estimate it yourself. A well-prepared thesis means well-shaped ideas. It increases credibility of the paper and makes good impression about its author.
More helpful hints about Writing a Research Paper. An informal outline working outline is a tool helping an author put down and organize their ideas.
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It is subject to revision, addition and canceling, without paying much attention to form. In a formal outline, numbers and letters are used to arrange topics and subtopics. The letters and numbers of the same kind should be placed directly under one another. The topics denoted by their headings and subheadings should be grouped in a logical order. All points of a research paper outline must relate to the same major topic that you first mentioned in your capital Roman numeral. The purpose of an outline is to help you think through your topic carefully and organize it logically before you start writing.
A good outline is the most important step in writing a good paper. Check your outline to make sure that the points covered flow logically from one to the other. Make the first outline tentative.
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Introduction — State your thesis and the purpose of your research paper clearly. What is the chief reason you are writing the paper? State also how you plan to approach your topic. Is this a factual report, a book review, a comparison, or an analysis of a problem? Explain briefly the major points you plan to cover in your paper and why readers should be interested in your topic. Body — This is where you present your arguments to support your thesis statement.
Remember the Rule of 3, i. Begin with a strong argument, then use a stronger one, and end with the strongest argument for your final point. Conclusion — Restate or reword your thesis. Summarize your arguments. Explain why you have come to this particular conclusion. Organize all the information you have gathered according to your outline.
Critically analyze your research data. Using the best available sources, check for accuracy and verify that the information is factual, up-to-date, and correct. Opposing views should also be noted if they help to support your thesis. This is the most important stage in writing a research paper.
Here you will analyze, synthesize, sort, and digest the information you have gathered and hopefully learn something about your topic which is the real purpose of doing a research paper in the first place. You must also be able to effectively communicate your thoughts, ideas, insights, and research findings to others through written words as in a report, an essay, a research or term paper, or through spoken words as in an oral or multimedia presentation with audio-visual aids.
Do not include any information that is not relevant to your topic, and do not include information that you do not understand. Make sure the information that you have noted is carefully recorded and in your own words, if possible.
Good Ways to Start an Essay
Plagiarism is definitely out of the question. Document all ideas borrowed or quotes used very accurately. As you organize your notes, jot down detailed bibliographical information for each cited paragraph and have it ready to transfer to your Works Cited page. Devise your own method to organize your notes. One method may be to mark with a different color ink or use a hi-liter to identify sections in your outline, e. Group your notes following the outline codes you have assigned to your notes, e.
This method will enable you to quickly put all your resources in the right place as you organize your notes according to your outline. Start with the first topic in your outline. Read all the relevant notes you have gathered that have been marked, e. Summarize, paraphrase or quote directly for each idea you plan to use in your essay. Use a technique that suits you, e.
Writing a Research Paper
Mark each card or sheet of paper clearly with your outline code or reference, e. Put all your note cards or paper in the order of your outline, e. If using a word processor, create meaningful filenames that match your outline codes for easy cut and paste as you type up your final paper, e. Before you know it, you have a well organized term paper completed exactly as outlined. The unusual symbol will make it easy for you to find the exact location again. Delete the symbol once editing is completed. Read your paper for any content errors.
Double check the facts and figures. Arrange and rearrange ideas to follow your outline.